All You Need to Know About Forex Trading

The world’s largest and most liquid financial market is foreign exchange market. As indicated by different researchers, day by day normal exchanging volume of the worldwide forex market is around more than 5 trillion dollars. As a result of such an immense volume, it is one of the biggest financial markets of the world. The business sectors being open round the clock, it is straightforward to invest in forex markets. The leverages can also be readily assessed using specific leverages. At the same time, it is even easier to lose money in such a volatile market.

Currency Pairs

For the rookie or inexperienced traders who are starting in this forex trading arena, one of the initial steps is to gain knowledge and familiarity with the most commonly traded currency in the market. Also, the use of these currencies should be understood, not only in the forex market but also in general.

A currency pair, as the name suggests itself, involves two currencies in each pair. The idea behind pairing these currencies is to determine and compare the relative value of one currency against the other. In the currency pairs, the first currency is called the base currency whereas the second currency is known as the quote currency. The strength of currency pair can either increase on decreases based on the strengthening or weakening of the base or quote currency. One thing to remember is that these currency pairs can be traded in the forex market as a single unit.


The majors and the currency pairs are the most liquid and most generally exchanged money in the forex market. These pairs complement very well with one another (EUR/JPY, GBP/JPY, and EUR/GBP) make up by far most of all exchanging in the foreign exchange market. Since these sets have the biggest volume of purchasers and sellers, they likewise commonly have the most impenetrable spreads. Discussed below is a collection of six prominent currencies that all forex traders ought to be familiar. Also, the traits and characteristics of each of these currencies can be easily understood.

The US Dollar

The almighty dollar is one of the most traded currencies in the forex market. This currency can easily be paired with any other currency. It might be unofficial, but the dollar is the global reserve currency. It is held as a foreign exchange by most major central banks of the world. Also, due to the U.S. dollar’s universal acknowledgment, it is utilized by a few nations as an official currency, in lieu of a local currency.

This practice is commonly known as dollarization. The U.S. dollar, additionally, is broadly acknowledged in different countries, going about as an alternate currency of payment. Apart from a dollar, those countries also maintain their local currency.

The Euro

This Dollar’s Nemesis is the second largest most traded currency in the forex market. This currency is also the world second largest reserve currency. After being introduced in the world market in January 1999, the Euro as the official currency of a large number of major nations in the eurozone.

To stabilize the exchange rates, many countries in the eurozone, as well as Africa, peg their currencies to the Euro. This currency adds liquidity to any currency that it is paired with. This currency is the most politicized and very actively traded currency in the forex market.

The Japanese Yen

The Japanese Yen is often considered as technically complex but fundamentally simple currency. This is the most traded currency outside of Asia. This currency is often utilized to normalize the holistic health of the Pan-Pacific Region. Traders have invested these Japanese yens in other currencies in massive amounts. The yen’s value is significantly determined by its relationship to interest rates in the international markets of some other heavily traded currencies.

The Great British Pound

This is the Queen’s currency. Apart from being known as the British pound, it is also known as pound sterling. In the forex markets, this is the fourth most traded currency. Due to its relative value as compared to other global currencies, the great British pound acts as a vast reserve currency. The overall strength of the British economy is the basis of determining the overall strength of this currency by the forex traders. This currency also serves as a benchmark for many nations as a very volatile ingredient of the foreign exchange market.

The Canadian Dollar

Majorly known as the loonie, the Canadian dollar moves in the market in accordance with the commodity pricing. Usually, crude oil, minerals, and precious metals move this currency. This is a very volatile currency. Forex traders use this currency to monitor and predict the movement of commodities as mentioned earlier. Since the Canadian dollar is in close proximity to the US dollar, therefore it has an inevitable impact on the US economy as well as the movements of the US Dollar.

The Swiss Franc

Swiss Franc is a banker’s currency. Most commonly it is known as the neutral currency. Because of its movement in the opposite direction to the currency of the commodity market, it is considered a haven for forex traders. With an objective of reducing volatility as well as keeping a check on interest rates, this currency is traded with a relatively tight range.

Take profit

Take Profit (TP) is a critical part in all exchanging exercises. TP is a limit order used to close a position when the market achieves a specific price level. TP is normally related to the expected reward by the merchant ahead of time on the off chance that his positions will go a similar way the market will take. This level of reward is dictated by the broker as per his currency exchanging plan, in the event that he has one. The TP reflects additionally the brokers’ mentalities toward the quest for a benefit for the risk gone up against each exchange.

How to set a take profit?

It is not possible to set a trade profit randomly. It should be followed by a few principles. To set the trade profit you must consider following these particular steps:

Your direction of trade should be supported by nearest resistance areas.
Risk reward ratio
Reversal patterns

Stop loss

A stop loss is mainly used to secure the exchange capital by sealing losses on dynamic currency exchanges. Be that as it may, a benchmark must be utilized in setting the stop loss. The most appropriate benchmark of all is to utilize resistance zones. More often than not, a stop loss ought to be set underneath a solid support (long exchange) or over a solid opposition (short exchange).

How to set a stop loss?

It is not recommended to set up a stop loss at random. First, we need to understand the methods that are used for stopping loss and then how we can use those methods to set a stop loss. There are four methods.

Percentage Stop
Chart Stop
Volatility Stop
Time Stop

Percentage Stop

The trader should set his stop based on either the environment of the money market or on the rules of his system. The trader should not define this set stop based on how much he can afford to lose.

Chart Stop

While analyzing the charts, it can be determined that the market is not crossing certain specific levels. It is recommended to set the stop loss beyond these levels of support and resistance.
Volatility Stop
Here, the trader needs to understand the movement of the currency pairs in the forex market. These currency movements can help in setting up the correct stop loss.
Time Stop
The trader can set up the time stop after determining the time that he has been in a trade. He can set rules for himself, where he can specific trading sessions during specific hours.

Limit entry order

A limit entry order is set to either purchase underneath the market or offer over the market at a specific price. So, when you set a limit order, it does not require you to speculate the price at which you would like to sell. If the price goes up at your desired level of limit order, your trading platform will automatically execute an offer request at the best accessible price.


Forex market is one of the most volatile trading markets. Comprehensive knowledge of the trading currencies can make a lot of profit for its investors. The most critical step for successful trading is understanding the movements of these currencies. Whether a trader is using a simple trading strategy or managing a diversified portfolio, these currencies will continue to offer amazing trading opportunities to its investors.

Therefore, forex trading requires you to make all the smart moves possible and it can be very rewarding as well as extremely risky under volatile market conditions. The financial markets will continue to grow and evolve, with these currencies being an integral part of it.


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